Not sure if this got posted or not:

Split Domain Setup

We are often asked how to configure Zimbra Collaboration Suite so that
some accounts are moved/migrated to Zimbra but other accounts continue
to live on existing mail system. This is possible IF your mail system
offers some of the mail routing features that the Zimbra offers.

Consider this example:

- Your domain is

- Your existing mail infrastructure lives on the host
"" (assuming single node install for simplicity -
what we are discussing should also work on multi-node).

- Your domain has MX records that to point to host

- Users "" and "" existed in the old

- You have installed Zimbra on the host "" and
created the domain "" on it also.

- You have migrated the mailbox of the user "" to
the Zimbra system, using one of our migration tools documented

Some issues to consider as a result of such splitting your domain:

- The end user "", who is not being migrated, will
be unaware of the change insofar as regular email is concerned.
Global address list (GAL) experience should also not change for
this user. There maybe some issues around group calendaring
between the two systems (assuming your existing infrastructure
supports group calendaring); we are working on these issues.

- The end user "" will need to be educated and
user's desktop software might need some minor configuration
changes. For user uses IMAP, s/he must be told to change IMAP
server setting to where Zimbra is installed. If s/he uses
Outlook/MAPI, Zimbra MAPI plugin should be deployed. If using
webmail, the address of the new Zimbra Web Client address needs
to be communicated to the user.

- If "" is using a mail client that has outgoing
SMTP configured with SMTP AUTH enabled, and SMTP AUTH
functionality is required by your network topology or roaming
users, then based on where authentication information lives (a
decision you will make below), user may or may
not require changing their outgoing SMTP setting.

- You will have to pick either the Zimbra system or your existing
system to be the "authoritative" system for your domain. Let's
call the authoritative system the master, and the other one the
slave. The master MTA must be aware of all accounts on the
domain, and must reject on RCPT TO: those accounts that do not
exist in either system. The slave MTA must accept mail for
accounts hosted in the slave system, and must forward mail for
all other accounts on the domain to the master MTA.

- Note that because of the above master/slave mail routing
requirement, you will have to perform some type of provisioniong
step on both the slave and the master for an account that lives
on the slave system.

- For ease of administration you should keep any GAL on only one of
these systems - avoids duplication. However this requires one
these systems be able to proxy to the other for GAL (Zimbra can
use a non-Zimbra LDAP server). If proxy is not possible some
sync method needs to be written.

- Zimbra is also able to authenticate users on a remote LDAP
server, in case you have a portal or user page backed by LDAP
where passwords are changed. Note that, out of the box, Zimbra
user's password will live in the Zimbra system. If passwords
live remotely, it is possible the old system can continue to SMTP
authenticate users who live on the Zimbra system. If that is the
case, then a Zimbra user with SMTP AUTH can continue to use the
old system's MTA as their MTA, assuming it is visible on the

Please read the following discussion of how to provision and configure
Zimbra as either a master or as a slave.

If you decide to use Zimbra as the master system, then you should also
carefully read the section on how Zimbra is configured as the slave -
this will show you what functionality is required of your existing
mail system so it can be a slave. Vice versa if you are going to use
Zimbra as the slave system.

Configuring Zimbra as the Master

Create corresponding accounts on the Zimbra system for all the
accounts that will live on the slave system. Note that is not migrating, and lives on the slave.

$ zmprov ca <some_random_password>

Configure mail routing for this account so email flows to the slave
system for this account:

$ zmprov ma zimbraMailTransport

Note that we are not using any catch all (akin to "luser_relay")
tricks here. Master needs to be authoritative, and if it forwards
unknown accounts, then we would have a mail loop.

(Note to Zimbra: TBD: do we need to set any other attributes to make
this forwarding account on the Zimbra side more of a dummy? Instead
of random password, it would better to have login disabled, but
zimbraMailStatus still has to read enabled.)

Change your MX record so mail from the cloud flows into the Zimbra MTA
first. (This is the last step! You will bounce mail if you make this
change before configuring the entire system and testing that mail flow
is working as desired.)

Configuring Zimbra as the Slave

The slave system needs to accept mail for accounts that live on the
slave, but must forward all other mail for accounts on this domain to
the master.

You can accomplish this piece of mail routing by saying:

$ zmprov md zimbraMailCatchAllAddress
$ zmprov md zimbraMailCatchAllForwardingAddress
$ zmprov md zimbraMailTransport

The first two commands (in combination) tell Zimbra postfix to accept
all addresses in the domain as valid addresses.

The third command establishes default mail routing for the domain.

We also highly recommend that, in a slave Zimbra system, you turn off
DNS lookups and internet wide message routing from the slave host and
route all mail through the master. You can accomplish this by:

$ zmprov mcf zimbraMtaRelayHost
$ zmprov mcf zimbraMtaDnsLookupsEnabled FALSE

Make sure to configure to accept mail relayed by

All these commands require that after running the whole set of them,
you do:

$ postfix stop
$ postfix start

Examples of Mail Flow

- Zimbra is master, mail sent from the internet, account lives on

internet -> postfix server ->
account transport says to use -> existing infrastructure MTA -> existing infrastructure mail store

- Zimbra is slave and mail sent from (zimbra) -> (old system). Assume foo is using Zimbra AJAX

foo's web browser -> tomcat server -> postfix server ->
account not local, finds domain transport setting -> existing infrastructure MTA -> existing infrastructure mail store