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Thread: [SOLVED] DNS in a nutshell

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    Default [SOLVED] DNS in a nutshell

    Here's a quick overview of what you need:

    First, remember that you need to set up an MX record for the DOMAIN, which points to the A record for the HOST, which will be the IP ADDRESS of the box running zimbra.

    Zimbra is running on, IP
    You send mail to

    Postfix will look up the MX record for, which will return, IP address

    Something like this is the file you need. This sets itself up as the SOA for the domain, sets the NS record to be, standard timeout stuff, then adds one MX record, plus the A record that corresponds to the MX record.

    $TTL 3D
    @       IN      SOA (
                            8H              ; refresh, seconds
                            2H              ; retry, seconds
                            4W              ; expire, seconds
                            1D )            ; minimum, seconds
                    NS      zcs              ; Inet Address of name server
                    MX      10     ; Primary Mail Exchanger
    zcs              A
    mail            CNAME zcs           ; CNAME for a common nickname
    otherhost      A       ; another host, for example
    www            CNAME otherhost   ; with a nickname
    So, drop that in the file in /var/named/data (or /var/named/chroot/var/named/data, depending).

    In /etc/named.conf (or /var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf), you'll put:

    options {
           directory "/var/named";
           dump-file "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
           statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
    include "/etc/rndc.key";
    zone {
            type master;
            file "/var/named/data/";
    A note about chrooting - most name servers run in a chrooted environment - so, you'll create the files in /var/named/chroot/whatever - but remember, when named is running, it's paths are relative to the chroot - so when you REFER to a file (as I do above in the named.conf snippet) you'll have absolute paths that are relative to the chroot.

    Is it chrooted? Check /etc/sysconfig/named for a ROOTDIR value. If it's present, then that's your chroot.

    Also, make sure that this nameserver is listed first in resolv.conf. Also, if there are other hosts in this domain, you should add them, too - or you won't be able to resolve them.

    CAVEAT - I haven't touched my named config in a while, so more recent bind versions may be pickier than mine - but this should work.

    Another CAVEAT - Run named chrooted, as a non-root user. Bind is known for exploits, and being hacked is a drag. My examples are just to get you going, and aren't intended as a Bind security primer.
    Last edited by marcmac; 11-02-2005 at 02:15 PM. Reason: www cname www? WTF?

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